What is Logistics? 10 Types Of Logistics Companies

When the international forwarding network employs logistics as a part of the supply chain and company, it refers to the management of international freight services and the transportation of goods, cargo, and objects from the place of production or origin to the point of consumption. This is done to fulfill the requirements of clients and customers.

All about the logistics services

A logistician is a person who specializes in logistics. The system that delivers goods from suppliers to consumers is known as the supply chain, and it is analyzed and coordinated by these entities. Logisticians oversee the whole life cycle of a product, from the point of acquisition to distribution, allocation, and delivery. They can be found in almost every sector.

What is Logistics?

In a broader sense, the term "logistics" refers to the act of organizing and transporting resources, such as people, goods, inventories, and equipment, from one location to storage at the intended location.

Types of Logistics Companies

  • E-Commerce logistics.
  • Third-Party Logistics (3PL).
  • Fourth Party Logistics (4PL).
  • Inbound Logistics.
  • Outbound Logistics.
  • Reverse Logistics.
  • Green Logistics.
  • Construction Logistics.
  • Digital Logistics.
  • Military Logistics.

E-Commerce Logistics

Thanks to the rise of e-commerce and the quick expansion of the online buying area, logistics has become one of the fastest-growing industries in the world. In response to the ongoing revolution of logistics, a large number of firms have formed that are committed to optimizing the supply chain in previously unthinkable ways.

3rd-Party Logistics

These companies can transport goods from their point of origin, as well as warehouse and package them. Working with third-party logistics providers provides numerous benefits to both small and large businesses, including the ability to obtain better rates, expand into new markets more easily, and improve customer service.

Inbound transportation:

Is transporting goods and commodities inward, from a supplier to a business, known as inbound transportation. It involves tasks including the transportation, storage, and distribution of components or raw materials utilized in production. Managing the flow of goods from the supplier to your warehouse, shop, or manufacturing facility may also entail managing inventories, procuring the necessary resources, and optimizing the movement of goods inside the facility.

Outbound transportation

Is transporting finished goods outbound means moving them from a business to its clients or final consumers. Service to customers and distribution networks are two of these operations. For instance, if a company's sales department receives an order from a client, they may verify the inventory to ensure the product is available before sending the order to your warehouse for packaging and delivery to the client.

Logistics in Freight Shipping

While 3PL providers can handle the entirety of a company's supply chain operations, the various components of the logistics process can be handled by individual players. For example, freight companies handle only the physical transportation of goods, whereas freight forwarders focus on optimizing transport solutions and handling necessary documentation. In this sense, logistics can be viewed as a complex web of moving parts that work together to increase efficiency and reduce costs throughout the supply chain.

Logistics management

Individual participants can handle the various elements in the logistics process, while 3PL organizations can manage a company's whole supply chain activities. For instance, freight companies just handle the actual physical transportation of goods, whereas freight forwarders focus on maximizing transport alternatives and processing necessary papers. In this sense, logistics may be viewed as a sophisticated system of linked moving parts that work together to boost output and reduce costs throughout the supply chain.

Logistics management categories:


Supply management is the organization and scheduling of goods or services needed to support the production or activity of the receiving enterprise at a certain place and time.


Distribution determines how something that has been given and stored gets delivered to the person to whom it is meant. It involves loading, unloading, and transporting the material as well as keeping track of the stock and documenting how and by whom the stuff is used.


The processes of putting together scattered supplies into a final product are managed by production logistics. The necessary coordination in a manufacturing or assembly process might be a part of this.

Logistics in reverse

Reverse logistics is the process of returning supplies and materials from a production process, to sum up. According to the plan, surplus material will be taken out and added to the stock supply. Bricks that are left over on a construction site, for instance, will be taken away and returned to the supplier so they can be used as stock.

Logistics and supply chain management differences

Although supply chain management and logistics are sometimes used synonymously, they refer to separate phases of the operation. The term "logistics" describes activities that take place within a single business, such as the acquisition and delivery of raw materials, and the packing, shipping, and distribution of products.

While supply chain management refers to a wider network of external companies that collaborate to deliver goods to clients, including vendors, transportation providers, call centers, warehouse providers, and others.

The Importance of Logistics

Despite the fact that a lot of small businesses concentrate on designing and producing their goods and services to best fulfill client needs, a company will fail if its goods cannot be sold to customers. That is logistics' primary function.

But logistics also has an effect on other facets of the company.

The business can be more profitable by purchasing, moving, and storing raw resources more effectively before being used. A company's success depends on its ability to coordinate resources to ensure the timely supply and usage of supplies.

Additionally, a company's profitability and long-term viability may suffer from a decline in consumer satisfaction if products cannot be produced and dispatched in a timely way.

Logistics components:

One or more of the following business functions may be included in logistics:

Management of materials

In a warehouse or storage space, materials handling refers to the transportation of products or materials. Utilizing manual, somewhat automated, and fully automated systems and tools is part of it. During the phases of production, warehousing, and distribution, it is crucial to think about the storage, protection, and control of commodities.


The term "warehousing" describes the secure storage of things, inventories, or data in a particular space or structure. It is a need for the majority of businesses that produce, export, import, or transport commodities. In order for a company to keep track of where products are, how long they have been there, when they arrived, and how much is available, products are organized and securely stored in warehouses.

Fulfillment of orders

Order fulfillment entails maintaining inventory, preparing orders, and shipping products to customers. In its broadest sense, order fulfillment refers to operations that happen after a customer places an order and up until they receive it. Businesses can manage order fulfillment in-house or outsource it to fulfillment partners.

Inventory control

The commodities or materials a company plans to resell to clients for a profit are referred to as inventory. Inventory tracking from a company's manufacturing facility to the warehouse and from these locations to the point of sale is a crucial part of the supply chain.

Customs Clearance Services Guide